A Picture Book of Eleanor Roosevelt

What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer the Following Questions:
1. When was Eleanor Roosevelt born?
October 11, 1884. Eleanor Roosevelt was born in New York City. Her parents, Anna Hall and Elliot Roosevelt, were very wealthy. Eleanor's father called Eleanor his "Little Golden Hair" and his "Little Nell." Did you know Theodore Roosevelt (the 26th U.S. President) was Eleanor's uncle? Eleanor's father was the younger brother of Theodore. By the time Eleanor was ten years old, both of her parents had died, and she went to live with her grandmother Hall.

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2. What school did Eleanor Roosevelt attend?
Allenswood, a boarding school in England. At age fifteen, Eleanor moved to England to attend Allenswood. She enjoyed this new start. The headmistress of Allenswood knew Eleanor had great potential, and she cultivated Eleanor's passion for the underprivileged and oppressed. This passion became the foundation for Eleanor's work. Eleanor cared a great deal about the underprivileged, and she continued to work hard to improve their conditions. Eleanor Roosevelt became one of the most loved women of her generation.

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3. Who did Eleanor Roosevelt marry?
Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Eleanor and Franklin Roosevelt got engaged in 1903, and were married on March 17, 1905. Did you know Theodore Roosevelt, the sitting President, gave the bride away? Eleanor and Franklin had one daughter and five sons. In 1921, Franklin was stricken with polio, and Eleanor helped him by going to political meetings and traveling for him. She became eyes and ears for him. Franklin was twice elected New York Governor (1928 and 1930), and he became the 32nd President of the United States in 1932. Did you know Franklin Roosevelt was the only President to serve more than two terms? Franklin was elected President four times (1932, 1936, 1940, and 1944).

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4. What was Eleanor Roosevelt's motto?
"Tomorrow is now." The United States was in the middle of the Great Depression while Eleanor Roosevelt became First Lady. She was very active during this time and transformed the role of First Lady. Eleanor spoke out for the rights of women, Native Americans, homeless, young people, and minorities. She held press conferences, gave lectures, delivered radio broadcasts, and wrote a daily newspaper column, called "My Day." She also traveled to cities, towns, farms, and coal mines bringing hope to millions of people. Eleanor gave the money she earned to help the poor.

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5. Who is Marian Anderson?
A singer who sang in front of the Lincoln Memorial. In 1939, the Daughters of the American Revolution would not allow Marian to sing in their hall because she was African-American. Eleanor Roosevelt, a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution, quit the group and arranged for Marian to sing in front of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.

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6. Which United Nations Commission did Eleanor Roosevelt chair?
The Commission on Human Rights. In 1946, President Harry S. Truman named Eleanor Roosevelt U.S. delegate to the United Nations General Assembly. She continued to fight for Human Rights. In 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted, largely due to her efforts.

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What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the following words:
Political Campaign: Running for a political office

First Lady: The wife of the President of the United States

Great Depression: Severe economic depression afflicting the United States during the 1930's

Newspaper Column: An article in a newspaper appearing on a regular basis

United Nations: An international organization formed in 1945, to promote peace, security, and cooperation

Chairperson: A person who presides over a meeting or committee

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Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the Following Questions for Your FREE Bookmark):
a. What happened on December 7, 1941?
The United States' Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, was attacked. Since 1939, World War II was being fought in Europe. However, the attack by Japanese aircraft at Pearl Harbor provoked the United States to enter the war. President Franklin D. Roosevelt described December 7, 1941, as "a date which will live in infamy." Eleanor Roosevelt traveled all over the world visiting U.S. soldiers. World War II ended in 1945.

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b. What happened on April 12, 1945?
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt died. When Franklin D. Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945, the country mourned the loss of its President, and Vice President Harry S. Truman became the 33rd U.S. President. Franklin is buried at Hyde Park, New York. When Eleanor Roosevelt died on November 7, 1962, she was buried beside Franklin.

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c. Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers will vary. Here are sample sentences from our young readers:
My mom and dad worked for a local political campaign last year by passing out papers about the candidate.

Laura Bush is the First Lady.

My great-grandma told me about the Great Depression.

I wrote a newspaper column for my school newspaper.

The United Nations gives aid to hungry people in the world.

The chairperson is in charge of the meeting.

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d. Have a parent or friend give you a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.

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More Valuable Information about Eleanor Roosevelt:
Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site
Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute
Eleanor Roosevelt Center at Val-Kill
Eleanor Roosevelt Timeline
Eleanor Roosevelt (National Women's Hall of Fame)

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