A Picture Book of Eleanor Roosevelt
What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer
the Following Questions:
1. When was
Eleanor Roosevelt born?
October 11, 1884. Eleanor Roosevelt was born in New York City.
Her parents, Anna Hall and Elliot Roosevelt, were very wealthy.
Eleanor's father called Eleanor his "Little Golden Hair" and his
"Little Nell." Did you know
Theodore Roosevelt (the 26th U.S. President) was Eleanor's uncle?
Eleanor's father was the younger brother of Theodore. By the time
Eleanor was ten years old, both of her parents had died, and she
went to live with her grandmother Hall.
2. What school did Eleanor
Allenswood, a boarding school in England. At age fifteen, Eleanor
moved to England to attend Allenswood. She enjoyed this new start.
The headmistress of Allenswood knew Eleanor had great potential,
and she cultivated Eleanor's passion for the underprivileged and
oppressed. This passion became the foundation for Eleanor's work.
Eleanor cared a great deal about the underprivileged, and she
continued to work hard to improve their conditions. Eleanor Roosevelt
became one of the most loved women of her generation.
3. Who did Eleanor Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Eleanor and Franklin Roosevelt got
engaged in 1903, and were married on March 17, 1905. Did
you know Theodore Roosevelt, the sitting President,
gave the bride away? Eleanor and Franklin had one daughter and
five sons. In 1921, Franklin was stricken with polio, and Eleanor
helped him by going to political meetings and traveling for him.
She became eyes and ears for him. Franklin was twice elected New
York Governor (1928 and 1930), and he became the 32nd President
of the United States in 1932. Did you
know Franklin Roosevelt was the only President to serve
more than two terms? Franklin was elected President four times
(1932, 1936, 1940, and 1944).
4. What was Eleanor
"Tomorrow is now." The United States was in the middle of
the Great Depression while Eleanor Roosevelt became First Lady.
She was very active during this time and transformed the role
of First Lady. Eleanor spoke out for the rights of women, Native
Americans, homeless, young people, and minorities. She held press
conferences, gave lectures, delivered radio broadcasts, and wrote
a daily newspaper column, called "My Day." She also traveled to
cities, towns, farms, and coal mines bringing hope to millions
of people. Eleanor gave the money she earned to help the poor.
5. Who is Marian Anderson?
A singer who sang in front of the Lincoln Memorial. In 1939, the
Daughters of the American Revolution would not allow Marian to
sing in their hall because she was African-American. Eleanor Roosevelt,
a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution, quit the
group and arranged for Marian to sing in front of the Lincoln
Memorial in Washington, D.C.
6. Which United Nations
Commission did Eleanor Roosevelt chair?
The Commission on Human Rights. In 1946, President Harry S. Truman
named Eleanor Roosevelt U.S. delegate to the United Nations General
Assembly. She continued to fight for Human Rights. In 1948, the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted, largely due
to her efforts.
What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the
Political Campaign: Running for a political office
First Lady: The wife of the President
of the United States
Great Depression: Severe economic
depression afflicting the United States during the 1930's
Newspaper Column: An article in
a newspaper appearing on a regular basis
United Nations: An international
organization formed in 1945, to promote peace, security, and cooperation
Chairperson: A person who presides
over a meeting or committee
Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the
Following Questions for Your FREE
a. What happened on December 7, 1941?
The United States' Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, was attacked.
Since 1939, World War II was being fought in Europe. However,
the attack by Japanese aircraft at Pearl Harbor provoked the United
States to enter the war. President Franklin D. Roosevelt described
December 7, 1941, as "a date which will live in infamy." Eleanor
Roosevelt traveled all over the world visiting U.S. soldiers.
World War II ended in 1945.
b. What happened on
April 12, 1945?
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt died. When Franklin D. Roosevelt
died on April 12, 1945, the country mourned the loss of its President,
and Vice President Harry S. Truman became the 33rd U.S. President.
Franklin is buried at Hyde Park, New York. When Eleanor Roosevelt
died on November 7, 1962, she was buried beside Franklin.
Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers will vary. Here are sample sentences from our young readers:
My mom and dad worked for a local political
campaign last year by passing out papers about the
Laura Bush is the First Lady.
My great-grandma told me about the Great
I wrote a newspaper column
for my school newspaper.
The United Nations gives aid
to hungry people in the world.
The chairperson is in charge
of the meeting.
d. Have a parent or friend give you
a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.
More Valuable Information about Eleanor
National Historic Site
Franklin and Eleanor
Center at Val-Kill
(National Women's Hall of Fame)