Subject for February, 2003: Explorers
Juan Ponce de León  |  Francisco Coronado  |   Henry Hudson  |  Lewis and Clark

 

Juan Ponce de León (Watts Library)

More Information at Juan Ponce de León in Depth

What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer the Following Questions:
1. What year was Juan Ponce de León born?
1460.
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2. Juan Ponce de León sailed with Christopher Columbus on one of Columbus' four voyages to the New World. On which voyage did Ponce de León sail with Columbus?
Second Voyage.
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3. Who were the Taino?
The people who inhabited the Caribbean islands for thousands of years before the Europeans arrived in 1492.
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4. What year was Juan Ponce de León appointed governor of Puerto Rico?
1509.
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5. What is the Fountain of Youth?
A legend of a spring or stream whose clear, sparkling waters have the power to restore youth.
Read more

6. What year did Juan Ponce de León explore Florida?
1513.
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7. What is the Gulf Stream?
A swift-flowing, underwater stream originating in the western Caribbean Sea.
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8. Describe ONE of the following explorations of Juan Ponce de León:
Los Martires
Dry Tortugas
Sanibel Island
Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico
Answers may vary.
Read more

9. What year did Juan Ponce de León die?
1521.
Read more

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What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the following words:
Colony: A territory that is far away from the country that governs it

Conquistador: Spanish person who explored and conquered the Americas during the late 1400's and 1500's

Expedition: A journey made for a definite purpose or the group making such a journey

Moors: People from northern Africa who speak Arabic and practice Islam

Ottoman: Another name for Turkey or its people

Province: A part of a country having a government of its own

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Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the Following Questions for Your FREE Bookmark):
a. Why were the Europeans looking for a new Trade Route to Asia?
In 1453, the Ottoman Empire closed the main overland trade route between Europe and Asia.
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b. Describe Christopher Columbus' first and second voyages to the Americas.
Answers may vary.
Read more

c. What is the Epic of Gilgamesh?
A long Babylonian poem written about 2000 B.C.
Read more

d. Define ONE of the following words:
Coat of Arms
El Cid
Alhambra
Hispaniola
Smallpox
Borinquén
San Juan
The Island of Bimini
The Seven Cities of Cíbola
Saint Augustine
Answers may vary.
Read more

e. Make a Juan Ponce de León Timeline.
Answers may vary.
Read more

f. Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers may vary. Read more

g. Have a parent or friend give you a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.

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More Valuable Information about Juan Ponce de León:
Juan Ponce de León (Enchanted Learning)
Juan Ponce de León (Florida History)
Ponce de León and the Fountain of Youth (Social Studies for Kids)
Juan Ponce de León (Discoverers Web)
Florida Map and QUIZ (Enchanted Learning)
Florida of the Conquistador (Florida History)

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Francisco Coronado (Watts Library)

More Information at Francisco Coronado in Depth

What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer the Following Questions:
1. What were the Seven Cities of Cíbola?
A legend started around the year 1000 about seven legendary cities located somewhere in the unexplored lands north of Mexico with gold covered streets and decorated buildings.
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2. What year was Francisco Vásquez de Coronado born?
Circa 1510.
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3. What year did Francisco Vásquez de Coronado begin his expedition to look for the Seven Cities of Gold?
1540.
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4. True or False: When Francisco Vásquez de Coronado approached Hawikuh, he thought it was the first of the Seven Cities.
True.
Read more

5. Which of the following American Indians live in the northeastern part of Arizona?
a)
Cherokee; b) Hopi; c) Iroquois; d) Sioux
b) Hopi. Read more

6. Which of the following natural wonders was seen by one of Francisco Vásquez de Coronado's search parties?
a) Yosemite Valley; b) The Redwoods; c) The Grand Canyon; d) Pacific Ocean

c) The Grand Canyon.
Read more

7. True or False: Members of Francisco Vásquez de Coronado's exploration were the first Europeans to enter what is today California.
True.
Read more

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What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the following words:
Friar: A priest

Homesteader: A pioneer or settler who intends to build a home in an undeveloped region

League: A measurement of distance equal to about 3 miles (5 kilometers)

Missionary: A person who attempts to convert others to his or her religious beliefs

Pueblo: An American Indian village typical of the American Southwest. The houses are usually made of dried mud and packed close together

Viceroy: The governor of a Spanish colony or territory

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Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the Following Questions for Your FREE Bookmark):
a. Who was Hernando Cortés?
A Spanish soldier and adventurer who conquered most of what is now Mexico between 1519 and 1521.
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b. During the 1500's, there were several discoveries which were a first for a European. Name ONE of these discoveries.
Answers may vary.
Read more

c. Define ONE of the following words:
Indian
Arquebus
Hawikuh
Maize
Answers may vary.
Read more

d. Make a Francisco Vásquez de Coronado Timeline.
Answers may vary.
Read more

e. Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers may vary. Read more

f. Have a parent or friend give you a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.

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More Valuable Information about Francisco Coronado:
Francisco Vásquez de Coronado (PBS: The West)
Francisco Vásquez de Coronado Links (PBS: The West)
Francisco Vásquez de Coronado (Lone Star Junction)
Map of Coronado's Route, 1540-1542 (University of Texas at Austin)

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Henry Hudson (Watts Library)

More Information at Henry Hudson in Depth

What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer the Following Questions:
1. What year was the main overland trade route from Europe to Asia closed?
1453.
Read more

2. What year was Henry Hudson born?
Circa 1570.
Read more

3. What year did Henry Hudson make his first voyage?
1607.
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4. What year did Henry Hudson make his second voyage?
1608.
Read more

5. What year did Henry Hudson make his third voyage?
1609.
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6. On September 3, 1609, Henry Hudson discovered a river in North America. The local Indians called it Muhheakunnuk, meaning "great waters constantly in motion." Hudson later called it the "River of Mountains." Today, what is this river called?
The Hudson River.
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7. What year did Henry Hudson make his forth voyage?
1610.
Read more

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What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the following words:
Charter: An official document granting, guaranteeing, or showing the limits of the rights and duties of the group to which it is given

Floe: A flat mass of ice formed on the surface of a body of water

Mast: A tall pole supporting the sails rising from the deck of a ship

Navigable: Deep or wide enough to provide passage for vessels

Rigging: The ropes and chains holding and moving the masts, sails, and spars of a ship

Strait: A narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water

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Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the Following Questions for Your FREE Bookmark):
a. How many voyages did Henry Hudson make to find a passage to Asia through the northern seas?
Four.
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b. Describe ONE of Henry Hudson's Ships:
Hopewell
Half Moon
Discovery
Answers may vary.
Read more

c. Describe ONE of the following people:
John Davis
Willem Barents
Robert Thorne
Peter Plancius
Christopher Columbus
Sebastian Cabot
Giovanni da Verrazano
Lewis and Clark
Roald Amundsen
Answers may vary.
Read more

d. Define ONE of the following terms:
Constantinople
Merchant Adventurers
Spitsbergen
Novaya Zemlya
Mutiny
The Dutch East India Company
Lenape
Mahicans
Northwest Passage
Answers may vary.
Read more

e. Make a Henry Hudson Timeline.
Answers may vary.
Read more

f. Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers may vary. Read more

g. Have a parent or friend give you a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.

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More Valuable Information about Henry Hudson:
Henry Hudson (Mariners' Museum)
Henry Hudson Explorer of the Hudson River
Henry Hudson Links (Social Studies for Kids)
Map of Henry Hudson's 4 Voyages (Mariners' Museum)
Half Moon Facts (Henry Hudson's Ship)

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Lewis and Clark (Watts Library)

More Information at Lewis and Clark in Depth

What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer the Following Questions:
1. What year was Meriwether Lewis born?
1774.
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2. What year was William Clark born?
1770.
Read more

3. Which of the following was the goal of the Lewis & Clark Expedition?
a) Find the Fountain of Youth
b) Explore the Seven Cities of Gold
c) Explore the North Pole
d) Find a water route across America to the Pacific Ocean

d) Find a water route across America to the Pacific Ocean.
Read more

4. What year did the Lewis and Clark Expedition begin from St. Louis?
1804.
Read more

5. Where did Lewis and Clark meet Sacagawea?
At Fort Mandan.
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6. How many members were a part of the Lewis and Clark Expedition from Fort Mandan to the Pacific Ocean?
a) Two (Lewis and Clark); b) Thirty-three; c) Ninety; d) One hundred and fifty-two

b) Thirty-three.
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7. When did the Lewis and Clark Expedition see the Pacific Ocean?
November 7, 1805.
Read more

8. When did the Lewis and Clark Expedition leave the Pacific Ocean and return east?
March 23, 1806.
Read more

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What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the following words:
Botany: The study of plants

Compass: An instrument for determining directions with a magnetic needle that always points north

Flora and Fauna: Flora is the plants of a certain region, and fauna is the animals of a certain region

Keelboat: A shallow-bottomed boat used on rivers

Pirogue: A large, flat-bottomed rowboat

Portage: Carrying boats and other goods overland from one waterway to another

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Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the Following Questions for Your FREE Bookmark):
a. What was the official name of the Lewis and Clark Expedition?
The Corps of Discovery.
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b. What is the Louisiana Purchase?
In 1803, the United States purchased the Louisiana Territory from France. This purchase is called the Louisiana Purchase.
Read more

c. Why did the Lewis and Clark Expedition keep journals during the expedition?
To record and document their journey.
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d. Describe ONE of the following people or animals:
Thomas Jefferson
Andrew Ellicot
Albert Gallatin
Dr. Benjamin Rush
Dr. Benjamin Smith Barton
George Drouillard
York
Pierre Cruzatte
Sergeant Charles Floyd
Seaman
Sergeant Patrick Gass
Answers may vary.
Read more

e. Name ONE of the American Indian tribes the Lewis and Clark Expedition encountered.
Oto, Missouri, Yankton Sioux, Teton Sioux, Mandan, Hidatas, Shoshone, Nez Percé, and Blackfeet.
Read more

f. Make a Lewis and Clark Timeline.
Answers may vary.
Read more

g. Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers may vary. Read more

h. Have a parent or friend give you a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.

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More Valuable Information about Lewis and Clark:
Meriwether Lewis (PBS: The West)
William Clark (PBS: The West)
Lewis and Clark (World Almanac for Kids)
Lewis & Clark's Historic Trail
Lewis and Clark Expedition Web Cam Site
Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage Foundation
Discovering Lewis and Clark
The Louisiana Purchase (PBS: The West)
Fort Clatsop National Memorial (NPS)

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