A Picture Book of Frederick Douglass
What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer
the Following Questions:
1. When was
Frederick Douglass born?
February, 1818. Frederick Douglass was born into slavery on a
farm on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. He was born Frederick Augustus
Washington Bailey. His mother, Harriet Bailey, was a slave. His
father was an unknown white man. As a boy, Frederick learned to
read whenever he could even though it was illegal for slaves to
learn to read. When he was fourteen, he taught at a Sabbath school
for African-American children, and later he opened a secret Sabbath
school and taught slaves to read.
2. Did Frederick Douglass
escape from slavery?
Yes. Frederick Douglass worked for Hugh Auld in Baltimore, Maryland.
With help from free African-Americans, Frederick escaped from
slavery in 1838. A free African-American sailor gave Frederick
papers to prove he was free. Then Frederick took three trains,
three ferries, and a steam-boat to New York City. He was free.
He changed his name from Bailey to Johnson to Douglass to avoid
being caught. He married Anna Murray, and they moved to New Bedford,
Massachusetts. They had five children: Rosetta, Lewis, Frederick,
Jr., Charles, and Anna.
3. What was the name
of Frederick Douglass' autobiography?
The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American
Slave. In 1845, Frederick Douglass wrote his autobiography
about the evils of slavery. Frederick was put in danger of being
caught because he used his real name and the name of his owner
in the book. To avoid being caught, Frederick went to England.
Frederick's friends in England bought the papers "owning" Frederick
which made him a free man. In 1847, Frederick returned to the
United States. Frederick also wrote My Bondage and My Freedom
(1855) and The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass (1881).
4. What was the name
of Frederick Douglass' newspaper?
The North Star. When Frederick Douglass returned from England
in 1847, he moved to Rochester, New York, and started The North
Star, an anti-slavery newspaper. It was later renamed Frederick
Douglass' Paper. In his paper, Frederick spoke out against
racial prejudice and for women's rights. Did
you know Frederick's house was a stop on the Underground
5. Was Frederick Douglass
a soldier in the Civil War?
No. But three of Frederick's sons joined the Union Army in 1863.
Unfortunately, African-American soldiers were not treated equally.
They were paid less, given poor equipment, and had little training.
What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the
Slave: A person who is the property of another
Freedom: Liberty, being independent
Anti-slavery: Against slavery
Autobiography: A history of a person's
life written by that person
Frederick Douglass' Paper:
Another name for The North Star
Underground Railroad: A series of
"safe houses" for runaway slaves on their way further north to
Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the
Following Questions for Your FREE
a. What was the name of the first newspaper
Frederick Douglass worked for?
Liberator. In 1841, Frederick Douglass met William Lloyd
Garrison, the editor of the Liberator, an anti-slavery
newspaper. Frederick traveled to other cities talking about the
horrors of slavery and selling subscriptions to the Liberator.
b. When did the Civil
April 12, 1861. The Civil War was fought between the Union Army
(North) and the Confederate Army (South). It lasted four years.
In the end, the Union won, and the country was reunited. Eight
months after the end of the Civil War, the Thirteenth Amendment
to the United States Constitution was ratified which abolishes
slavery in the United States. Did you
know the Thirteenth Amendment was passed by the Senate
on April 8, 1864, passed by the House of Representative on January
31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865?
c. Why did Frederick
Douglass choose the name Douglass?
He took the name from a character in the popular novel, The
Lady of the Lake, by Sir Walter Scott.
d. Use five of the words
in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers will vary. Here are sample sentences from our young readers:
Harriet Tubman was born a slave,
and then she escaped north to freedom.
I love my country because it gives its citizens many freedoms.
The abolitionists were anti-slavery.
I am going to write my autobiography
someday telling about the important things that are going to happen
The North Star was also known as Frederick
The Underground Railroad helped
many slaves escape to freedom.
e. Have a parent or friend give you
a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.
More Valuable Information about Frederick
Douglass National Historic Site
African American NHS: Frederick Douglass
Visionaries: Frederick Douglass
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave