A Picture Book of Frederick Douglass

What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer the Following Questions:
1. When was Frederick Douglass born?
February, 1818. Frederick Douglass was born into slavery on a farm on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. He was born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey. His mother, Harriet Bailey, was a slave. His father was an unknown white man. As a boy, Frederick learned to read whenever he could even though it was illegal for slaves to learn to read. When he was fourteen, he taught at a Sabbath school for African-American children, and later he opened a secret Sabbath school and taught slaves to read.

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2. Did Frederick Douglass escape from slavery?
Yes. Frederick Douglass worked for Hugh Auld in Baltimore, Maryland. With help from free African-Americans, Frederick escaped from slavery in 1838. A free African-American sailor gave Frederick papers to prove he was free. Then Frederick took three trains, three ferries, and a steam-boat to New York City. He was free. He changed his name from Bailey to Johnson to Douglass to avoid being caught. He married Anna Murray, and they moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts. They had five children: Rosetta, Lewis, Frederick, Jr., Charles, and Anna.

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3. What was the name of Frederick Douglass' autobiography?
The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave. In 1845, Frederick Douglass wrote his autobiography about the evils of slavery. Frederick was put in danger of being caught because he used his real name and the name of his owner in the book. To avoid being caught, Frederick went to England. Frederick's friends in England bought the papers "owning" Frederick which made him a free man. In 1847, Frederick returned to the United States. Frederick also wrote My Bondage and My Freedom (1855) and The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass (1881).

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4. What was the name of Frederick Douglass' newspaper?
The North Star. When Frederick Douglass returned from England in 1847, he moved to Rochester, New York, and started The North Star, an anti-slavery newspaper. It was later renamed Frederick Douglass' Paper. In his paper, Frederick spoke out against racial prejudice and for women's rights. Did you know Frederick's house was a stop on the Underground Railroad?

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5. Was Frederick Douglass a soldier in the Civil War?
No. But three of Frederick's sons joined the Union Army in 1863. Unfortunately, African-American soldiers were not treated equally. They were paid less, given poor equipment, and had little training.

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What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the following words:
Slave: A person who is the property of another

Freedom: Liberty, being independent

Anti-slavery: Against slavery

Autobiography: A history of a person's life written by that person

Frederick Douglass' Paper: Another name for The North Star

Underground Railroad: A series of "safe houses" for runaway slaves on their way further north to freedom

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Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the Following Questions for Your FREE Bookmark):
a. What was the name of the first newspaper Frederick Douglass worked for?
Liberator. In 1841, Frederick Douglass met William Lloyd Garrison, the editor of the Liberator, an anti-slavery newspaper. Frederick traveled to other cities talking about the horrors of slavery and selling subscriptions to the Liberator.

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b. When did the Civil War begin?
April 12, 1861. The Civil War was fought between the Union Army (North) and the Confederate Army (South). It lasted four years. In the end, the Union won, and the country was reunited. Eight months after the end of the Civil War, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified which abolishes slavery in the United States. Did you know the Thirteenth Amendment was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, passed by the House of Representative on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865?

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c. Why did Frederick Douglass choose the name Douglass?
He took the name from a character in the popular novel, The Lady of the Lake, by Sir Walter Scott.

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d. Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers will vary. Here are sample sentences from our young readers:
Harriet Tubman was born a slave, and then she escaped north to freedom.

I love my country because it gives its citizens many freedoms.

The abolitionists were anti-slavery.

I am going to write my autobiography someday telling about the important things that are going to happen to me.

The North Star was also known as Frederick Douglass' Paper.

The Underground Railroad helped many slaves escape to freedom.

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e. Have a parent or friend give you a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.

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More Valuable Information about Frederick Douglass:
Frederick Douglass National Historic Site

Boston African American NHS: Frederick Douglass
American Visionaries: Frederick Douglass
Autobiography: Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave

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