A Picture Book of Helen Keller

What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer the Following Questions:
1. When was Helen Keller born?

June 27, 1880. Helen Adams Keller was born in Tuscumbia, Alabama, on June 27, 1880. Her mother was Kate Adams Keller, and her father was Captain Arthur Henley Keller. Captain Keller served in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. Did you know Helen was born with full sight and hearing? By the time Helen was six months old, she had begun to talk.

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2. When did Helen Keller become blind and deaf?
In February, 1882, when she was about 1-1/2 years old. At this time, Helen became very sick with meningitis. She had a high fever, and her parents thought she might die. Although Helen recovered from her illness, she lost her sight and hearing. Helen also was not able to talk because she couldn't hear other people speak, and she forgot the words she had learned as a baby. Helen used her hands to communicate with other people. The following years were difficult for Helen and her parents. Sometimes Helen became frustrated, and she kicked, screamed, and cried.

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3. Who was Anne Mansfield Sullivan?
Helen Keller's teacher. Anne Sullivan was a former student of the Perkins Institution and Massachusetts Asylum for the Blind. Helen and Anne first met on March 3, 1887.

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4. True or False: The word "water" was the first world Helen Keller learned from Anne Sullivan.
True. Anne Sullivan was Helen Keller's teacher. Anne tried to teach Helen words using a finger alphabet. Anne gave Helen a doll and spelled out "d-o-l-l" and gave her a hat and spelled out "h-a-t." Helen did not understand. One day, Anne passed Helen's hand under a water pump and spelled out the word "w-a-t-e-r." Helen understood and wanted to learn more. Helen then learned the word "teacher" which is what Helen called Anne. Helen continued to learn thousands of words.

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5. What college did Helen Keller attend?
Radcliffe College. In 1900, Helen Keller became a student at Radcliffe College. Anne Sullivan attended classes with her and spelled in Helen's hand what was being said. It was here that Helen wrote her book titled, The Story of My Life. Helen graduated with honors in 1904. After college, Helen continued to write books and give lectures with Anne. When Anne Sullivan died on October 20, 1936, Polly Thomson became Helen's companion. In 1964, Helen was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Lyndon B. Johnson. Helen died on June 1, 1968.

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What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the following words:
Blind: Unable to see; loss of sight

Deaf: Unable to hear; loss of hearing

Meningitis: Illness; inflammation of the meninges caused by an infection and characterized by high fever and severe headache

Teacher: A person who teaches

Braille: A system of reading and writing for the blind using raised dots representing letters, numbers, etc., that are read by touch; invented by Louis Braille (1809-1852) in 1829

Presidential Medal of Freedom: The highest civilian award of the United States which recognizes exceptional meritorious service

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Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the Following Questions for Your FREE Bookmark):
a. Who was Alexander Graham Bell?
He invented the telephone, and he taught in a school for the deaf. Alexander Graham Bell was a U.S. inventor born in Scotland. He lived from 1847 to 1922. Bell helped Helen Keller find a teacher. He suggested the Kellers contact the Perkins Institution and Massachusetts Asylum for the Blind. The director of the Perkins Institution recommended Anne Mansfield Sullivan, a former student.

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b. What did Helen Keller do during World War II?
She visited injured soldiers in hospitals from 1943 to 1946. Some of the soldiers had lost their sight or hearing during the fighting. Helen Keller brought hope to these men.

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c. Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers will vary. Here are sample sentences from our young readers:
My great-grandpa became partially blind.

I am learning sign language so I can communite with my friend who is deaf.

I'm glad I do not have Meningitis because it sounds painful.

My teacher is very nice and caring, and she was very helpful in teaching me to read.

A teacher can teach Braille to a person who is blind.

Helen Keller and Rosa Parks were given the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

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d. Have a parent or friend give you a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.

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More Valuable Information about Helen Keller:
Helen Keller Foundation
Ivy Green, Birthplace of Helen Keller
National Women's Hall of Fame: Helen Keller
Helen Keller Services for the Blind
American Foundation for the Blind
Royal National Institute for the Blind: The Life of Helen Keller

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