You Lived With the Hopi (If You)
What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer
the Following Questions:
did the Hopi live?
In the Arizona high desert. The Hopi were Pueblo Indians living
one hundred miles east of the Grand Canyon. They were farmers
(not hunters) which means they stayed in one place and built their
villages near the fields and springs. Their stone and clay houses
were usually two to three stories high and had a flat roof. The
Hopi ate corn, squash, beans, wild plants, seeds, wild potatoes,
berries, piñon nuts, and wild greens. They got their water
from a spring because there were no lakes or rivers in the desert.
2. The Hopi were given
four names. When were these names given?
At birth, at age six, as an adult, and at death. At birth, Hopi
were given their first name in a naming ceremony which would show
their father's clan. At age 6, they were given a new name in a
religious ceremony. As an adult, Hopi were given another name
that they kept for the rest of their life. And at death, they
were given a silent name which was never spoken.
3. What did the Hopi
Mantas, breechcloth, kilts, leggings, sandals, and moccasins.
The Hopi clothes were made out of cotton they grew themselves.
Women wore mantas which were black cotton blankets wrapped around,
fastened together on their shoulder, and tied with a sash at their
waist. Men wore breechcloths or kilts. In the cold weather, the
Hopi wore leggings. And they wore either sandals made from yucca
plant or moccasins made of deerskin.
4. How did the Hopi
From their parents. Hopi girls learned what their mothers did
such as repairing the walls of their house, making pottery, and
cooking. Hopi boys learned what their fathers did such as farming,
putting on religious ceremonies, spinning cotton, weaving, and
5. What games
did the Hopi play?
Team sports, races, ball games, dart-throwing contests, archery,
and a game similar to field hockey. Did
you know the Hopi enjoyed playing games for fun and
not to see who won?
What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the
Clan: people who were related to
you through your mother's female ancestors
Mesa: small, flat-topped mountain
Kachinas: the Hopi's special protectors
Reservation: land the U.S. government
set aside for Native American tribes to use
1934 Indian Reorganization Act:
law stating the U.S. government should help protect Native American
traditions, not destroy them, and stating Native Americans had
a right to their own land and to more self-government
Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the
Following Questions for Your FREE
a. What was the Hopi religion?
They believed everything in nature had its own sacred spirit.
People, animals, plants, rocks, and clouds had this spirit. The
Hopi believed in great spirits, sometimes called gods, including
Sósqtuknang, Tawa, and Kokyang Wuuti. Did
you know the Hopi Way was to be helpful and kind to
others and to live in harmony with the world? They believed good
thoughts had the power to help.
b. What happened to
the Hopi when the American settlers came?
In 1848, the land of the Hopi became part of the United States
when the U.S. won the Mexican War. At first, the Hopi were left
alone. Later, when white settlers moved onto their land, the Hopi
complained to President Chester A. Arthur, and the Hopi were moved
to a reservation that did not include the Hopi ancestral land.
The U.S. government forced the Hopi to start living like white
Americans. The Hopi children were taken to boarding schools, dressed
in American-style clothes, forbidden to practice their own religion,
called by an American name, and did not see their families for
long periods of time. In 1934, this began to change under President
Franklin D. Roosevelt when the Indian Reorganization Act was passed.
This law stated the U.S. government should protect Native American
traditions, not destroy them. The Hopi children attended nearby
schools and were taught Hopi heritage. Today, the Hopi still honor
their ancient traditions, clans are strong, and children are taught
the Hopi Way of living in peace and cooperation.
five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers will vary. Here are sample sentences from our young readers:
I live in a big city, not a pueblo.
The people of my clan are
very nice, like my mom, my aunts, and my grandmother.
There are many mesas in Arizona.
Kachinas protect the Hopi.
I visited a reservation in
the Black Hills last year.
My class studied the 1934 Indian Reorganization
d. Have a parent or friend give you
a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.
More Valuable Information about the
Web Site of the Hopi Tribe
Hopi Cultural Preservation Office