A Picture Book of Benjamin Franklin
What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer
the Following Questions:
1. When was
Benjamin Franklin born?
January 17, 1706. Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston, Massachusetts,
on January 17, 1706. Ben had sixteen brothers and sisters. He
was the tenth child, and youngest son.
Did you know
when Ben was born, Massachusetts was one of the thirteen American
colonies ruled by Great Britain?
As a boy, Ben worked in his father's soap-and
From 1718 to 1723, Ben worked for his brother's
newspaper, The New England Courant. He started when he
was twelve years old. Ben secretly wrote and submitted articles
that were published in his brother's newspaper. Ben used the fake
name Silence Dogood so his brother would not know Ben wrote the
In 1723, Ben moved to Philadelphia. He
was seventeen years old. He worked in a print shop. Ben met Deborah
Read in Philadelphia. In 1730, Ben and Deborah were married. Ben
had three children named William, Francis, and Sarah.
2. What was The Pennsylvania
It was the newspaper Ben Franklin published. In 1728, Ben
opened his own print shop and published The Pennsylvania Gazette.
Ben was twenty-two years old. Ben also became the official printer
of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland.
of the following was the name of the almanac published by Ben
a) American Almanack
b) Pennsylvania Almanack
c) Poor Richard's Almanack
d) United States Almanack
c) Poor Richard's Almanack. In 1732,
Ben began publishing Poor Richard's Almanack. This almanac
was published once a year. It was the most popular almanac in
America. Ben's almanac contained recipes, stories, a calendar
of important dates, and information about the weather. It also
had wise sayings like, "Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man
healthy, wealthy, and wise" and "Haste makes waste."
4. Which of the following
did Ben Franklin do?
a) Discover lightning was electricity by flying a kite and key
during a thunderstorm.
b) Become a lawyer and serve as a member of the Virginia House
c) Ride from Boston to Lexington to warn the American colonists
the British were coming.
d) Lead the Continental Army during the American Revolution.
a) Discover lightning was electricity
by flying a kite and key during a thunderstorm. In June, 1752,
Ben Franklin flew a kite and a key during a thunderstorm. He wanted
to find out if lightning was electricity. This was a very dangerous
experiment. The lightning struck the kite, and sparks flew from
the key. This proved lightning was electricity.
The other choices to this question may
seem familiar. That's because they were accomplished by other
famous American Patriots. Patrick Henry was a lawyer and served
as a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. Paul Revere rode
from Boston to Lexington to warn the American colonists the British
were coming. George Washington led the Continental Army during
the American Revolution.
5. Which of the following
places did Ben Franklin live?
e) All of the above
e) All of the above. In 1706, Ben Franklin
was born in Boston. In 1723, he moved to Philadelphia. From 1765
to 1775, Ben lived in England and represented the colonies. From
1776 to 1785, Ben lived in France and represented the United States.
Ben died on April 17, 1790, in Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania. He was 84 years old.
What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the
Colony: A territory separated from a ruling party
Tax: Money paid to a government
for its support
Delegate: A person designated to
act for or represent others
Independence: To be free
Treaty: Formal agreement between
two or more states with reference to peace, alliance, commerce,
or other international relations
Autobiography: A history of a person's
life written by that person
Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the
Following Questions for Your FREE
a. Name ONE of Benjamin Franklin's inventions.
Swimming paddles, lightning rod, Franklin stove, bifocals, and
a "long arm" to reach books.
When Ben was a young boy, he invented swimming
paddles that fit over his hands to help him swim faster.
In 1753, Ben invented the lightning rod.
A lightning rod is a metal rod attached to houses, barns, and
other structures. During a storm, lightning would hit this rod
rather than the structure. This invention saved many buildings
from being burned.
The Franklin stove was a heater. It warmed
up a room better than a fireplace, and it saved fuel.
In 1784, Ben invented bifocals. Bifocals
are one pair of glasses with two lens. One lens allows a person
to see far away and one lens allows a person to see up close.
Ben invented a "long arm" to reach books
on high shelves.
b. Name ONE of Benjamin
Soap-and-candle shop worker, print shop worker for The New
England Courant, printer, public servant, postmaster, inventor,
scientist, statesman, and writer.
When Ben was ten years old, he worked in
his father's soap-and-candle shop. He cut wicks, poured hot wax
into candle molds, and did errands. Ben did not like this job.
He did not like the smell of the wax or the boiling soap.
When Ben was twelve years old, he worked
for his older brother, James. James printed The New England
Courant. Ben set type and ran the press. Did
you know this was one of the first newspapers in America?
In 1728, when Ben was twenty-two, he opened
his own print shop and published The Pennsylvania Gazette.
Did you know he became the
official printer of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland?
In 1732, Ben printed Poor Richard's Almanack.
As a public servant, Ben helped establish
the first fire department in Philadelphia
first police department in Philadelphia
first lending library in America
first hospital in America
Ben was both the postmaster of Philadelphia
and postmaster of all thirteen colonies.
Ben invented swimming paddles, lightning
rod, the Franklin stove, bifocals, and a "long arm" to reach books.
In 1765, Ben went to England to represent
the American colonies. He was there for ten years. He spoke to
the House of Commons about the Stamp Act. The colonies felt the
Stamp Act was unfair. Ben tried to convince King George III to
give the colonies more rights and freedoms.
In April, 1775, the American Revolution
began. Ben returned to the colonies. He was a delegate at the
Second Continental Congress. In 1776, he was one of five people
chosen to write the Declaration of Independence. The other people
were Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Robert R. Livingston, and Roger
Sherman. Thomas Jefferson was the primary author.
In 1776, Ben went to France to ask the
French to support the colonies in the American Revolution. The
French King Louis XVI sent money and weapons to America. America
won the revolution. Ben helped write the peace treaty. It was
called the Treaty of Paris.
In 1785, Ben returned to Philadelphia.
He was an American hero.
In 1787, delegates at the Constitutional
Convention drafted the Constitution of the United States. Ben
was a delegate. Ben was 81 years old, and he was the oldest delegate.
Ben also wrote an autobiography.
Ben died on April 17, 1790, in Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania. He was 84 years old.
c. Define ONE of the
New England Courant: James Franklin's newspaper
where Ben Franklin worked when he was twelve years old. It was
one of the first newspapers in America.
Silence Dogood: The pen name Ben Franklin used when
he secretly wrote and submitted articles that were published in
his brother's newspaper, The New England Courant. Ben used
a fake name so his brother would not know Ben wrote the articles.
The Pennsylvania Gazette: Ben Franklin's newspaper.
In 1728, Ben opened his own print shop and published The Pennsylvania
Poor Richard's Almanack: The almanac published by Ben
Franklin. It was published once a year. It was the most popular
almanac in America. Ben's almanac contained recipes, stories,
a calendar of important dates, and information about the weather.
It also had wise sayings like, "Early to bed, early to rise, makes
a man healthy, wealthy, and wise" and "Haste makes waste."
House of Commons: The lower house of the British Parliament.
The upper house is the House of Lords. The parliament is the legislative
(or law making) group.
Stamp Act: A tax placed on the American colonies by
Britain in 1765. It was a tax on newspapers and other printed
matter. The colonies thought this was an unfair tax. Other taxes
were the Sugar Act in 1764, and the Tea Act in 1773.
Continental Congress: The federal legislature of the
American colonies from 1774 to 1789. In September, 1774, the First
Continental Congress met in Philadelphia. It agreed to oppose
British rule and boycott trade with Britain. In May, 1775, the
Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia. In July, 1776,
the Second Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence.
In 1777, the Second Continental Congress drafted the Articles
of Confederation. The Articles of Confederation were ratified
in 1781, and became the first set of laws of the United States.
The Declaration of Independence: A document declaring
the American colonies independent from British rule. In 1776,
the Second Continental Congress appointed a committee to draft
the Declaration of Independence. The committee consisted of Thomas
Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Robert R. Livingston,
and Roger Sherman. Thomas Jefferson was the primary author. On
July 2, the text of the Declaration of Independence was approved.
On July 4, it was adopted by all the colonies. Four days later,
on July 8, it was read publicly in the State House Yard in Philadelphia
and the Liberty Bell was rung. On August 2, the Declaration of
Independence was signed by all the delegates of the Second Continental
d. Use five of the words
in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers may vary. Here are sample sentences from our young
Massachusetts was a colony
of Great Britain.
The colonies did not want to pay taxes
Ben Franklin was a delegate
to the Continental Congress.
Our Founding Fathers fought for our independence.
The Treaty of Paris ended
the American Revolution.
I am going to write my autobiography
when I am famous.
e. Have a parent or friend give you
a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.
More Valuable Information about Ben
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Quotable Franklin: 80 Quotations of Ben Franklin
National Historical Park (NPS)