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A Picture Book of George Washington A Picture Book of George Washington

What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer the Following Questions:
1. When was George Washington born?

February 22, 1732. George Washington was born on a farmhouse in Virginia on February 22, 1732. Did you know at that time Virginia was a colony of Great Britain?

As a boy, George liked to ride horses, fish, and go boating. He attended school and learned how to read and write. George's favorite subject was arithmetic. Children practiced their handwriting by copying lists of rules. George would write "Keep your fingers clean" and "Think before you speak."

At age eleven, George's father died. George helped his mother work their farm and take care of his younger brothers and sisters.

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2. True or False: George Washington fought in the French and Indian War.
True. In 1754, the French and Indian War began. It was fought from 1754 to 1763 between Britain and France for American territory. Native Americans fought for both sides.

From 1755 to 1758, George commanded the Virginia militia against the French. He gained a reputation as a good and brave leader throughout the thirteen American colonies.

In 1763, the French and Indian War had ended. Britain spent a lot of money fighting this war. To help pay for the war, Britain taxed the American colonies. These taxes included the Sugar Act in 1764, the Stamp Act in 1765, the Townshend Acts in 1767, and the Tea Act in 1773.

The American colonies were not happy and did not want to pay the taxes. To protest the taxes, a group of colonists dumped British tea into Boston Harbor on December 16, 1773. Did you know this is called the Boston Tea Party?

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3. Where did George Washington live? (HINT: This question is a little tricky. There is only ONE correct answer.)
a) Mount Vernon
b) Monticello
c) Mount Rushmore

d) The White House

a) Mount Vernon. This question is tricky. Although George Washington was the first President of the United States, he never lived in the White House. President John Adams was the second president, and he was the first person to occupy the White House. Adams moved there in 1800.

On January 6, 1759, George married Martha Custis. She was a widow with two children. George and his new family moved to Mount Vernon in Virginia. Mount Vernon was a home and farm which had belonged to George's brother.

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4. Which of the following did George Washington do?
a) Discover lightning was electricity by flying a kite and key during a thunderstorm.
b) Become a lawyer and serve as a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses.
c) Ride from Boston to Lexington to warn the American colonists the British were coming.
d) Lead the Continental Army during the American Revolution.

d) Lead the Continental Army during the American Revolution. On April 19, 1775, the American Revolution began at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts. It was fought between the British and the American colonies. The next month, delegates from the thirteen colonies met in Philadelphia. They chose George Washington to lead the Continental Army. He led the army from 1775 to 1783.

During the war, the British soldiers were better supplied than the American soldiers. The American soldiers sometimes did not have enough uniforms, food, blankets, or guns.

The war lasted eight years. On October 19, 1781, British Commander Lord Cornwallis surrendered to George in Yorktown, Virginia. This ended the fighting of the American Revolution. On September 3, 1783, the American Revolution officially ended when the Treaty of Paris was signed. In the Treaty of Paris, Great Britain recognized the independence of the colonies.

George was a hero.

The other choices to this question may seem familiar. That's because they were accomplished by other famous American Patriots. Ben Franklin discovered lightning was electricity by flying a kite and key during a thunderstorm. Patrick Henry became a lawyer and served as a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. Paul Revere rode from Boston to Lexington to warn the American colonists the British were coming.

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5. True or False: George Washington was the first President of the United States.
True. George was President of the United States from 1789 to 1797.

After the American Revolution, the thirteen colonies became the United States of America consisting of thirteen states.

In 1777, the Second Continental Congress drafted the Articles of Confederation. It was ratified in 1781, and it became the first set of laws of the United States. The Articles of Confederation provided for a weak and ineffective central government.

In 1787, the United States held a meeting in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation. Did you know George was the president of the meeting? The delegates, however, did not revise the Articles of Confederation. Instead, they drafted a new document to govern the United States, called the Constitution of the United States. This meeting is known as the Constitutional Convention. The Constitution of the United States was ratified in 1789.

In 1789, George was elected the first President of the United States. In 1792, he was reelected to a second term as president.

As president, George signed treaties with the Indians, Spain, and England. He kept the United States out of a war in Europe. In 1794, George sent soldiers to western Pennsylvania to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion. Did you know the Whiskey Rebellion was a protest by people mostly on the frontier against a tax on all distilled spirits?

After serving two terms as president, George chose not to run for a third term. In 1797, he returned to his home in Mount Vernon. George sometimes rode his horse fifteen miles north to watch the new capital city of the United States being built. This city was called Washington, D.C. in honor of George. Did you know the D.C. stands for District of Columbia?

On December 14, 1799, George died at Mount Vernon. He was sixty-seven years old.

George was a great leader and has been called the "Father of Our Country." General Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee spoke at George's funeral and described George as "first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen." Did you know Light Horse Harry was Robert E. Lee's father?

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What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the following words:
Survey: To determine the exact dimensions and position of a tract of land by measurements

French and Indian War: War fought from 1754 to 1763 between Britain and France for American territory with Native Americans fighting on both sides; it was one of four wars making up the French and Indian Wars which included King William's War (1689-1697), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), and King George's War (1744-1748)

Continental Army: The army of the American colonies during the American Revolution

Congress: The national legislative body of the United States

Supreme Court: The highest court of the United States

President: The chief of state of a modern republic, like the United States

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Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the Following Questions for Your FREE Bookmark):
a.
Name ONE of George Washington's jobs.
Surveyor, Virginia army soldier, Commander of the Continental Army, and President of the United States.

When George was a boy, he used his father's surveying tools to measure and map a turnip field and a pine forest. He enjoyed it. When he was sixteen, he became a surveyor. It was his job to survey land in the Virginia wilderness.

In 1753, George joined the Virginia army. He was twenty-one years old. He went to the Ohio Valley to warn the French to get off Britain's land. In 1754, the French and Indian War began. This war was fought from 1754 to 1763 between Britain and France for American territory. Native Americans fought for both sides. George fought for Britain and led Virginia soldiers against the French. He gained a reputation as a good and brave leader throughout the thirteen American colonies.

From 1775 to 1783, George led the Continental Army during the American Revolution.

From 1789 to 1797, George was President of the United States. In 1789, George was elected the first President of the United States. In 1792, he was reelected to a second term as president.

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b. Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers may vary. Here are sample sentences from our young readers:
George Washington surveyed the land.

The French and Indian War was fought from 1754 to 1763.

George Washington led the Continental Army.

The Senate and the House make up the U.S. Congress.

The United States Supreme Court has nine justices.

The President of the United States is elected every four years.

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c. Have a parent or friend give you a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.

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More Valuable Information about George Washington:
IMA Hero™ George Washington Photos and Links
George Washington (Social Studies for Kids)
George Washington Biography (The White House)
George Washington Birthplace National Monument (NPS)
Washington Monument (NPS)
George Washington's Mount Vernon Estate & Gardens
Martha Washington Biography (The White House)

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