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Subject for September, 2002: U.S. Government
U.S. Constitution  |   U.S. Congress  |   U.S. President  |  U.S. Supreme Court

 


The Constitution (True Books, Government)

More Information at U.S. Constitution in Depth

What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer the Following Questions:
1. What year did the United States win its independence from Great Britain?

1783.
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2. What year did the Constitutional Convention convene?
1787.
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3. Was James Madison's plan for the Constitution known as the Virginia Plan or the New Jersey Plan?
The Virginia Plan.
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4. True or False: The Great Compromise was a compromise between large and small states regarding the number of representatives each state would have in the Congress.
True.
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5. True or False: The president is the Chief Executive.
True.
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6. The Constitution of the United States was signed by the delegates on September 17, 1787. What year was the Constitution ratified by the states?
1788.
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7. What does Article I, Article II, and Article III establish in the Constitution of the United States?
Article I establishes the legislative branch, Article II establishes the executive branch, and Article III establishes the judicial branch.
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8. What is the Bill of Rights?
The first ten amendments to the Constitution of the United States.
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What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the following words:
Amendment: A change in the Constitution

Colonies: Groups of people ruled by an outside power

Executive: Concerning the president

Judicial: Concerning courts and judges

Legislative: Law-making

Ratify: Accept

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Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the Following Questions for Your FREE Bookmark):
a. True or False: The Articles of Confederation was the first set of rules established by the United States.
True.
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b. List ONE of the problems facing the United States which helped lead to the ratification of the U.S. Constitution and the establishment of a strong central government.
The population of the United States was growing
The weak central government
Shays' Rebellion (1786-1787)
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c. Describe ONE of the following people:
James Madison
Alexander Hamilton
George Washington
Benjamin Franklin
John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
Patrick Henry
John Jay
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d. What are the words to the Preamble of the Constitution of the United States?
We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
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e. Explain "separation of branches" and "checks and balances."
Answers will vary.
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f. Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers will vary.
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g. Have a parent or friend give you a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.

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More Valuable Information about the U.S. Constitution:
IMA Hero™ American Revolution History
IMA Hero™ U.S. Government Bookstore
IMA Hero™ Constitution of the United States Links
IMA Hero™ U.S. Government & Washington, D.C. Links

Ben's Guide to the U.S. Government for Kids (Government Printing Office)
The Constitution of the United States (Library of Congress)
The Constitution of the United States (National Archives)
Bill of Rights (National Archives)
Amendments 11 - 27 (National Archives)
Founding Fathers (National Archives)
Independence National Historical Park
The Federalist Papers (Library of Congress)

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Congress (True Books, Government)

More Information at U.S. Congress in Depth

What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer the Following Questions:
1. What happened in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in May, 1787?

Fifty-five delegates met at the State House for the Constitutional Convention.
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2. How many branches of government are established in the Constitution of the United States?
Three.
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3. True or False: The Congress is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
True.
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4. True or False: Every bill the Congress passes becomes law.
False. In order for a bill to became law, a bill must be passed by the Congress and signed by the president.
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5. How many members are in the House of Representatives?
435.
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6. How many senators are in the Senate?
100.
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What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the following words:
Bill: A proposed law

Citizen: Person entitled to full legal rights and privileges

Federal: Nationwide

Majority: The larger group

Minority: The smaller group

Population: The number of people living in an area

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Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the Following Questions for Your FREE Bookmark):
a. Which of the following Articles of the U.S. Constitution establishes the United States Congress?
a) Article I
b) Article II
c) Article III
d) Article IV
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b. Describe how the Congress works.
Answers will vary.
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c. What is the Congressional Record?
It is a report containing everything decided on or discussed by the Congress, except for some secret military information.
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d. Name the two largest political parties in the United States.
The Republican party and the Democratic party.
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e. Have you contacted your Representative or Senator?
Answers will vary.
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f. What is a Congressional Page?
A young person who works in the Congress.
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g. Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers will vary.
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h. Have a parent or friend give you a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.

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More Valuable Information about the U.S. Congress:
IMA Hero™ U.S. Government Bookstore
IMA Hero™ U.S. Capitol Photos & Links
IMA Hero™ Constitution of the United States Links
IMA Hero™ U.S. Government & Washington, D.C. Links

Ben's Guide to the U.S. Government for Kids (Government Printing Office)
United States Senate
United States House of Representatives
THOMAS: U.S. Congress on the Internet (Library of Congress)
Records of Congress (National Archives)
National Museum of American History (Smithsonian)
Congressional Glossary (C-SPAN)

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The Presidency (True Books, Government)

More Information at U.S. President in Depth

What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer the Following Questions:
1. In May, 1787, how many delegates met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for the Constitutional Convention?

Fifty-five.
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2. What are the three requirements for becoming President of the United States?
Every president must be born a citizen of the United States, must have lived in the United States for at least fourteen years, and must be at least thirty-five years old.
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3. Who was the first President of the United States?
George Washington.
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4. How many years does a president serve during one term?
Four.
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5. What day is the president inaugurated?
January 20.
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6. Name ONE of the jobs of the President of the United States.
In general, the president's job is to preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States.
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What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the following words:
Cabinet: Advisors to the president who head government departments

Constitution: Plan of government by which the country is ruled

Election: Voting people into office

Inauguration: Formal beginning of the president's term in office

Incumbent: Person who is currently in office

Veto: Reject

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Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the Following Questions for Your FREE Bookmark):
a. Which of the following Articles of the U.S. Constitution establishes the Executive Branch?
a) Article I
b) Article II
c) Article III
d) Article IV
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b. When is Election Day held?
It is the first Tuesday in the month of November.
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c. What is the Electoral College?
The Electoral College is a group of people called electors who make the final choice of who becomes president.
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d. Who protects the President of the United States?
The Secret Service.
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e. List the 43 U.S. Presidents in chronological order.
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f. Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers will vary.
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g. Have a parent or friend give you a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.

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More Valuable Information about U.S. President:
IMA Hero™ U.S. Government Bookstore
IMA Hero™ White House Photos & Links
IMA Hero™ Constitution of the United States Links
IMA Hero™ U.S. Government & Washington, D.C. Links

Ben's Guide to the U.S. Government for Kids (Government Printing Office)
The White House
The White House for Kids
Presidents of the United States (The White House)

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The Supreme Court (True Books, Government)

More Information at U.S. Supreme Court in Depth

What I Learned Section 1 -- Answer the Following Questions:
1. In what city did the Constitutional Convention convene in May, 1787?

Philadelphia.
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2. True or False: Federal judges are called justices.
True.
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3. True or False: Supreme Court justices are elected by the people.
False. Supreme Court justices are nominated (or chosen) by the president and confirmed (or approved) by the Senate.
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4. How long do federal justices serve?
They serve for life.
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5. What does the "v." stand for in Marbury v. Madison?
Versus.
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6. In what city is the United States Supreme Court located?
Washington, D.C.
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7. When does the United States Supreme Court convene?
From October to June.
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What I Learned Section 2 -- Define the following words:
Discriminate: Treat unfairly

Executive: Presidential; branch of government that makes sure laws are obeyed

Impeach: To try to remove someone from office

Judicial: Belonging to a branch of government that makes sure laws are understood

Legislative: Lawmaking

Segregation: Separation of the races

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Bonus Questions (Answer 1 of the Following Questions for Your FREE Bookmark):
a. Which of the following Articles of the U.S. Constitution establishes the Judicial Branch?
a) Article I
b) Article II
c) Article III
d) Article IV
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b. Who was John Marshall?
He was the fourth chief justice of the Supreme Court, and he served from 1801 to 1835.
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c. Describe ONE of the following Supreme Court cases:
Marbury v. Madison (1803): This case established judicial review.
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Texas v. White (1868): The court ruled a state remained a state in the Union even if it had rebelled against the United States. Read More

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954): The court ruled segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. Read More

Miranda v. Arizona (1966): The court ruled anyone accused of a crime must be told his or her right to remain silent and his or her right to an attorney. Read More

d. Name the current nine Supreme Court justices.
Rehnquist, Stevens, O'Connor,
Scalia, Kennedy, Souter, Thomas, Ginsburg, Breyer. Read More

e. What is judicial review?
When federal courts decide whether a law violates the Constitution.
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f. Use five of the words in Section 2 in a sentence.
Answers will vary.
Read More

g. Have a parent or friend give you a spelling test with EACH of the words in Section 2.

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More Valuable Information about the U.S. Supreme Court:
IMA Hero™ U.S. Government Bookstore
IMA Hero™ U.S. Supreme Court Photos & Links
IMA Hero™ Constitution of the United States Links
IMA Hero™ U.S. Government & Washington, D.C. Links

Ben's Guide to the U.S. Government for Kids (Government Printing Office)
Supreme Court of the United States
The Supreme Court Historical Society

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