Home>>Collection>>Your Page>>Archives>>Did You Know... (Apr-Dec, 2002)

 
 
December, 2002:
Did you know Pikes Peak is named for Zebulon Montgomery Pike?
Yes. Zebulon Montgomery Pike was an explorer in the early 1800's. In 1806, Pike explored the Arkansas River, the Red River, and the Rocky Mountains. In the Rocky Mountains, Pike saw a towering peak and called it "Grand Peak." Today, we call this mountain Pikes Peak. Did you know Pikes Peak is 14,110 feet high?
>>Read about Zebulon Montgomery Pike
>>Read about Exploring and Mapping the American West

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November, 2002:
Did you know
the Gettysburg Address was delivered by President Abraham Lincoln at the dedication ceremony of the National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania?
Yes. After the battle of Gettysburg (July 1 to 3, 1863), the United States established a National Cemetery to honor the brave men who had fought and died during the battle. Did you know the Gettysburg Address is engraved in the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.? It begins, "Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal."
>>Read the entire Gettysburg Address
>>Read about Abe Lincoln
>>Read about the times in which Abe Lincoln lived
>>Browse Abe Lincoln's Books
>>View Photos of Abe Lincoln

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October, 2002:
Did you know a person must speak either English or French to serve on the International Olympic Committee (IOC)?
Yes. The Official Web Site of the Olympic Movement is in both English and French. The Olympic Movement includes the International Olympic Committee (IOC), Organising Committees of the Olympic Games (OCOGs), the National Olympic Committees (NOCs), the International Federations (IFs), national associations, clubs and athletes.
>>Visit the Official Web Site of the Olympic Movement (English)
>>Visit the Official Web Site of the Olympic Movement (French)
>>Browse the Olympic Games Bookstore
>>More Olympic Games Links

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September, 2002:
Did you know the Battle of Antietam is also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg?
Yes, during the American Civil War, the North and the South referred to the same battle by different names. The North named the battles after nearby rivers, and the South named the battles after towns. This engagement occurred near the town of Sharpsburg, Maryland, where the Antietam Creek runs. Therefore, the North called this battle Antietam, and the South called it Sharpsburg. The official name of the site run by the National Park Service is Antietam National Battlefield.

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August, 2002:
Did you know
George Washington took his oath of office as the first President of the United States in New York City?
Yes, George Washington took his oath of office on April 30, 1789, on the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York City. Did you know...
he served two terms as President from 1789 to 1797?
his annual salary as president was $25,000?
he received 69 out of 69 electoral votes?
the population of the U.S. during his presidency was 3,929,214?
there were 16 states in the Union when he left office in 1797?
>>View George Washington's Photos
>>Read about the times in which George Washington lived
>>Browse George Washington's Books
>>From Your Page: February 18, 2002

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July, 2002:
Did you know
the Declaration of Independence was adopted by all the colonies on July 4, 1776?
Yes, the text of the Declaration of Independence was approved on July 2, and it was adopted by the colonies on July 4. On July 8, the Declaration of Independence was read publicly in the State House Yard in Philadelphia, and the Liberty Bell was rung. Did you know the Declaration of Independence was not signed by all the delegates of the Second Continental Congress until August 2, 1776?
>>View photos of the Declaration of Independence
>>Visit links regarding the Declaration of Independence
>>Read about the forming of the United States
>>Browse our American Revolution Bookstore

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June, 2002:
Did you know
Ben Franklin invented the Franklin Stove?
Yes, Ben invented the Franklin Stove between 1742 and 1744. The Franklin Stove is a heater, not a cooking stove. Before the Franklin Stove, people used fireplaces for heat. Fireplaces gave off some heat, but most of the heat went up and out the chimney. The Franklin Stove, however, gave off more heat than the fireplace and used less fuel. Ben called his invention the Pennsylvania Fire Place. Today, it is known as the Franklin Stove.
>>Read about Ben Franklin
>>Read about the times in which Ben Franklin lived
>>Browse Ben's Bookstore
>>View photos of Ben Franklin

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May, 2002:
Did you know the champions at the 1900 Games of the Olympiad held in Paris did not receive medals?
Yes. Instead, the champions received valuable pieces of art. Today, medals are awarded during medal ceremonies to the top three finishers. All three winners stand on one podium: the first place athlete stands in the middle, the second place athlete stands to his or her right, and the third place finisher stands to his or her left. During the ceremony the national anthem of the winner's country is played.
>>Discover the XIX Olympic Winter Games "Your Page"
>>Discover the XIX Olympic Winter Games Wrap Up "Your Page"
>>Browse the Olympic Games Bookstore
>>More Olympic Games Links

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April 29, 2002:
Did you know Alan Shepard was the Commander of Apollo 14?
Yes. On January 31, 1971, Apollo 14 launched at 4:03 p.m. EST from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Alan Shepard was the Commander, Edgar D. Mitchell was the Lunar Module Pilot, and Stuart A. Roosa was the Command Module Pilot. On February 5, Apollo 14 became the third lunar landing, and Shepard became the fifth person to walk on the moon. As he stepped onto the lunar surface, Shepard stated, "Al is on the surface, and it's been a long way, but we're here."
Did you know Alan Shepard hit two golf balls on the moon? He used a makeshift club, and he stated the second ball (due to the one-sixth gravity of the moon) traveled "miles and miles and miles."
Apollo 14 Quick Facts:
Command Service Module: Kitty Hawk
Lunar Module: Antares
Lunar Landing: February 5, 1971, at 4:18 a.m. EST
Landing Location: Fra Mauro
Lunar Lift Off: February 6, 1971, at 1:48 p.m. EST
Splash-down: February 9, 1971, at 4:05 p.m. EST
Splash-down Location: Pacific Ocean
Duration of Mission: 9 days, 1 minute, and 58 seconds
Did you know 12 people have walked on the moon. They are:
Apollo 11 (July 16 - 24, 1969)
1. Neil A. Armstrong (He was also the first person to walk on the moon)
2. Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin, Jr.
Apollo 12 (November 14 - 24, 1969)
3. Charles "Pete" Conrad, Jr.
4. Alan Bean
Apollo 14 (January 31 - February 9, 1971)
5. Alan B. Shepard, Jr. (He was also one of the original Mercury 7 astronauts)
6. Edgar D. Mitchell
Apollo 15 (July 26 - August 7, 1971)
7. David Scott (He was also the first to use the lunar rover)
8. James B. Irwin
Apollo 16 (April 16 - 27, 1972)
9. John Young (He was also the Commander of the first Space Shuttle flight)
10. Charles Duke, Jr.
Apollo 17 (December 7 - 19, 1972)
11. Eugene Cernan (He was also the last person to walk on the moon)
12. Harrison "Jack" Schmitt
Did you know James Lovell, Jr., and Fred Haise, Jr., were scheduled to walk on the moon on Apollo 13? However, a problem occurred with the Service Module oxygen tank, and the mission was aborted. Apollo 13 lifted off on April 11, 1970, and splashed-down in the Pacific Ocean on April 17.
>>Visit Alan Shepard's Photos & Links
>>Visit our NASA & Space Links
>>Browse our Extended Space Bookstore
Photo Credits: NASA

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April 22, 2002:
Did you know 2002 marks the 100th Anniversary of the Teddy Bear?
Yes. The stuffed animal bear was first called "Teddy's Bear" in 1902, by a shopkeeper in Brooklyn. This year, the IMA Hero™ Collection will participate in a year long celebration, including a history of the Teddy Bear.
>>Take the Teddy Bear QUIZ
>>Read more about the History of the Teddy Bear
>>Celebrate the 100th Anniversary of the Teddy Bear
>>Browse our extended Teddy Bear Bookstore

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April 15, 2002:
Did you know Henry Wadsworth Longfellow wrote a poem about Paul Revere's ride?
Yes. It is called Paul Revere's Ride. It was written in 1860. Have you heard it before? The first stanza reads,
LISTEN, my children, and you shall hear
Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere,
On the eighteenth of April, in Seventy-Five;
Hardly a man is now alive
Who remembers that famous day and year.
>>Read Paul Revere's Ride
>>Read about the American Revolution
>>Browse the American Revolution Bookstore

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April 8, 2002:
Did you know approximately 26,765 Confederate soldiers surrendered in Appomattox Court House?
Yes. On April 9, 1865, Confederate General Robert E. Lee met with Union Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant to discuss the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia. They met in the McLean House in Appomattox Court House, Virginia. Ulysses accepted the surrender of approximately 26,765 Confederate troops. This ended the American Civil War. Within three months, the remaining Confederate forces surrendered.
>>Read about Robert E. Lee
>>Read about Ulysses S. Grant
>>Read about the Civil War

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April 1, 2002:
Did you know Harriet Tubman was a conductor on the Underground Railroad?
Yes. In 1849, Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery. From 1850 to 1860, she used the money she earned as a cook, dish washer, and cleaning woman to help other slaves escape. Harriet disguised herself as an old woman or as a man, and she used coded songs to tell the fugitive slaves when it was safe to come out. There was even a reward for $40,000 for the capture of Harriet Tubman, but she was never caught. In all, Harriet helped about 300 slaves, including her relatives, gain their freedom. As a conductor on the Underground Railroad, Harriet stated, "I never ran my train off the track. I never lost a passenger."
>>Harriet Tubman is Featured in the Women in History Reading Program
>>Read about Harriet Tubman
>>Browse Harriet Tubman's Books

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