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2003 | Apr-Dec, 2002 | Jan-Mar, 2002 | Sep-Dec, 2001 | Jun-Aug, 2001 | Feb-May, 2001

 

 
December, 2001:
Q:
What is the name of the national anthem of the United States?
A: The Star-Spangled Banner. Francis Scott Key witnessed the Battle of Fort McHenry in 1814. The next morning, "by the dawn's early light," Key saw "that our flag was still there." He was so inspired by this sight, Key wrote a poem on a piece of paper from his pocket. This poem became "The Star-Spangled Banner." Did you know The Star-Spangled Banner was made the official national anthem of the United States on March, 1931? Read more about the Star-Spangled Banner.

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November 26, 2001:
Q: What is the name of Thomas Jefferson's home?
A: Monticello. In 1767, Thomas Jefferson began building his home on a small mountain in Charlottesville, Virginia. He called it Monticello which is an Italian word meaning "little mountain."
Read a book about Thomas Jefferson.
Photo: Thomas Jefferson

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November 19, 2001:
Q:
When did the Mayflower land at Plymouth Rock?
A: On December 21, 1620. The Pilgrims sailed from Europe to America on the Mayflower in 1620. They landed in Plymouth located in the Massachusetts Colony. Plymouth is the site of the first permanent European settlement in New England and is located 34 miles southeast of Boston. Today, you can visit Plymouth Rock and a recreation of the Mayflower. Read a book about the Pilgrims. Who was on the Mayflower?
Photo: Mayflower

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November 12, 2001:
Q:
Where was Galileo born?
A:
In Pisa, Italy. When Galileo was born on February 15, 1564, Italy was not called Italy. Instead, Italy was made up of independent city-states. The city-states were in regions controlled by powerful families. Pisa was located in the Tuscany region and controlled by the Medici family. Read a book about Galileo.

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November 5, 2001:
Q: In what year was the Constitution of the United States ratified?
A:
1789. In 1787, the Articles of Confederation governed the United States. Because these laws were ineffective, a Constitutional Convention was called in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation. The delegates, however, did not revise the Articles of Confederation. Instead, they drafted a new document to govern the United States called the
Constitution of the United States. The Constitution of the United States was ratified in 1789. It was a new and revolutionary idea. The Constitution states the power to govern is derived from the people, rather than the states, and it is the supreme law of the land. Read a book the Constitution.
Photo: The Constitution of the United States

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October 29, 2001:
Q:
Where did the Hopi live?
A:
In the Arizona high desert. The Hopi were Pueblo Indians living one hundred miles east of the Grand Canyon. They were farmers (not hunters) which means they stayed in one place and built their villages near the fields and springs. Their stone and clay houses were usually two to three stories high and had a flat roof. Read more about the Hopi.

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October 22, 2001:
Q:
What year was your state admitted to the Union?
A: Alabama (1819) Alaska (1959) Arizona (1912) Arkansas (1836) California (1850) Colorado (1876) Connecticut (1788) Delaware (1787) Florida (1845) Georgia (1788) Hawaii (1959) Idaho (1890) Illinois (1818) Indiana (1816) Iowa (1846) Kansas (1861) Kentucky (1792) Louisiana (1812) Maine (1820) Maryland (1788) Massachusetts (1788) Michigan (1837) Minnesota (1858) Mississippi (1817) Missouri (1821) Montana (1889) Nebraska (1867) Nevada (1864) New Hampshire (1788) New Jersey (1787) New Mexico (1912) New York (1788) North Carolina (1789) North Dakota (1889) Ohio (1803) Oklahoma (1907) Oregon (1859) Pennsylvania (1787) Rhode Island (1790) South Carolina (1788) South Dakota (1889) Tennessee (1796) Texas (1845) Utah (1896) Vermont (1791) Virginia (1788) Washington (1889) West Virginia (1863) Wisconsin (1848) Wyoming (1890)

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October 15, 2001:
Q: When did Thomas Alva Edison invent the light bulb (month, day, year)?
A: October 19, 1879. Did you know Thomas Alva Edison first "invented" the light bulb in 1877, but it took him two more years to develop a material for the filament (the wire inside the glass bulb to make the light glow). Alva experimented with different kinds of material for the filament, including his own hair, coconut hair, horsehair, straw, cornsilk, fishing line, and wood. After two years and over 1,000 trials, he used carbonized thread. This was successful. On October 19, 1879, at 9:30 p.m., Alva lit the first light bulb. It burned for 40 hours.
Read a book about Alva.
Photo: Thomas Alva Edison and the light bulb.

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October 8, 2001:
Q:
How many voyages did Christopher Columbus make to the New World?
A:
Four. Christopher Columbus made four voyages between 1492 and 1504. In 1492, he made his first voyage with three ships and 90 men, and he discovered the Americas. In 1493, he made his second voyage with 17 ships and more than 1,000 men, established a Spanish colony of Hispaniola, and discovered Guadeloupe, Puerto Rico, and Jamaica. In 1498, he made his third voyage with six ships, and he discovered Trinidad, South America, and the mouth of the Orinoco River. In 1502, he made his fourth voyage with four ships and 135 men, and he discovered the coast of Central America, including Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, and Martinique. Read a book about Christopher.

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October 1, 2001:
Q: Who was the first American woman in space?
A: Sally Ride. On June 27, 1983, Astronaut Sally Ride was part of a five-person crew aboard Shuttle Challenger on STS-7, and she became the first American woman Astronaut in space. Ride spent a total of 14 days and 8 hours in space. Did you know Kathryn Sullivan was the first American woman to walk in space? Sullivan spent three-and-a-half hours outside the Shuttle Challenger on October 11, 1984.
Photo: Sally Ride (right) and Kathryn Sullivan (left)

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September 24, 2001:
Q: What is Ulysses S. Grant's birth name?
A: Hiram Ulysses Grant. When Ulysses registered at West Point, his name appeared on the records as Ulysses Simpson Grant, rather than Hiram Ulysses Grant. So, Ulysses changed his name to Ulysses Simpson Grant. He was known as U.S. Grant or "Uncle Sam" Grant. Did you know his good friends shortened this name and called him Sam?
Read a book about Ulysses.
Photo: Ulysses S. Grant

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September 10, 2001:
Q: Name the thirteen orginial American colonies?
A: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island. On December 7, 1787, Delaware was the first colony to become a state. On May 19, 1790, Rhode Island was the last of the original colonies to become a state. Today, there are 50 states in the Union. Did you know Alaska and Hawaii were the last two states to join the Union in 1959?
Read a book about Colonial Times.

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September 3, 2001:
Q: Which of the following Documents begins with the words, "Four score and seven years ago"? a) Articles of Confederation; b) U.S. Constitution; c) Emancipation Proclamation; d) Gettysburg Address
A: Gettysburg Address. On November 19, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln gave the Gettysburg Address in the dedication ceremony of the National Cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. This National Cemetery was established to honor the brave men who had fought and died at the Battle of Gettysburg from July 1 - 3, 1863. Lincoln's Gettysburg Address ends with the words, "that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth." Read a book about Abe.
Photo: Abe visits the Gettysburg Address Memorial during the PAPA WAS A BOY IN GRAY Book Tour.

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